What are Intellectual Disabilities?
The essential features of Intellectual Disabilities are significantly sub average general intellectual functioning accompanied by limitations in adaptive functioning in at least two of the following skill areas: communication, self-care, home living, social/interpersonal skills, use of community resources, self-direction functional academic skills, work, leisure, health and safety. This definition applies when the above characteristics are present in the developmental period.
How Does Intellectual Disabilities Affect Individuals?
The abilities of people with Intellectual Disabilities vary. Eighty seven percent of people with Intellectual Disabilities are mildly affected with IQ scores generally between 50 and 70. By definition these individuals have a greater ability to learn new skills. They generally function more independently than people with moderate, severe, or profound Intellectual Disabilities. With appropriate supports all individuals with Intellectual Disabilities can live satisfying lives in their community.